biodinamica02First conceived in the 20’s, it was the brainchild of Rudolf Steiner, and went on to consolidate itself worldwide after various events. The history and aspects involved in these methods are articulated and complex and impossible to look at in detail in such a short space. Therefore, I have limited myself to provided links to the web sites and associations which look into the matter in greater depth, and mention below only some of the principles and key aspects.

Biodynamics encompasses some basic aspects of organic production, as it does not use weed killers, chemical fertilizers or phyto-drugs of any nature – substances which are notoriously toxic for the soil, plants and consequently mankind. At the same time it differs from the organic method as it is based on a much wider concept of interaction with living elements and thus agriculture itself. It aims at creating an eco-system, planet earth and the powers by which they are influenced, considering everything a single living organism in holistic terms.

It acts subtly and thus energetically on the earth and the plants, in other words on the living eco-system.

The objective is to create a balance and vital harmony.

Efforts are made to bring a “plant culture” (an artificial group such as a vineyard, olive grove or vegetable plot) together with a “unicum naturale”, full of life. The basic aim is that of revitalizing the earth and making it more fertile from a microscopic level and subsequently the level of plants and animals.

Biodynamic means getting the four elements of life to move and work (dynamics) together: water, air, earth and fire (bio), through a sequence of actions.

In cultivation, for example, only “living” elements are used, i.e. no longer (even organic) fertilizers as they are “dead” elements; when something needs to be added to the earth this can be achieved by, for example, sewing plants (in other words living organisms) between the rows of vines, including up to several tens of different species, to fill the earth with biodiversity and complexity from a material point of view; from a “subtle” point of view the earth is influenced by different planets and cosmic energies to which these plants are connected. This means the earth receives “impulses” or “stimuli”.

biodinamica2Yet another method is the use of the so-called “500” or “corno letame” together with the addition of green manure. To do this, the seeds are sown just below the surface and the “500” is scattered on top to trigger the microbic activity of the earth; in spring, the plants are scythed and dug back into the soil until aerobic fermentation occurs to produce humus, the only nutritional element for the plants; the “500” is re-used to activate and stimulate this function of the soil through the action of millions of micro-organisms already present. This serves to “remind” the soil of one of its functions which is today hindered by pollution and by the constant use of tractors which compact the soil, making it lifeless.

It will allow the roots of the plants to draw the healthy, rich and balanced nutrition they need from the soil.

A plant that grows in a humus-rich soil feeds itself with the minerals provided by the micro-organisms present. Furthermore, humus absorbs and withholds water, releasing it in dryer periods whilst in rainy seasons, it withholds water without allowing the soil to lose its consistency thanks to the increased “elasticity” of the soil structure. The water-absorbing capacity of humified soil is considerably higher than soil with a low humus content.

By regenerating the soil and creating organized, balanced conditions for life, plants will flourish harmoniously.